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Tamil Grammar Simplified: A Complete Guide to Active Voice and Passive Voice in Tamil


Active Voice and Passive Voice in Tamil PDF Download




Do you want to improve your Tamil grammar skills? Do you want to learn how to use active voice and passive voice correctly in your sentences? Do you want to download a PDF file that explains everything you need to know about active voice and passive voice in Tamil? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this article is for you!




active voice and passive voice in tamil pdf download


Download File: https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Furlcod.com%2F2tX68U&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AOvVaw2CeTyzgjKQs2oGB1f6o6Ru



In this article, you will learn what are active voice and passive voice, why they are important, how to identify and convert them in Tamil, and where to find a PDF download that covers this topic. By the end of this article, you will be able to write better sentences in Tamil using active voice and passive voice. So, let's get started!


What are Active Voice and Passive Voice?




Active voice and passive voice are two ways of expressing the same action or event in a sentence. They differ in how they show the relationship between the subject (the doer) and the object (the receiver) of the action or event.


Definition and Examples of Active Voice




In active voice, the subject performs the action or causes the event, and the object receives the action or is affected by the event. The subject is usually placed before the verb, and the object is usually placed after the verb. The verb is usually in its base form or simple past tense.


For example:



  • Ravi ate an apple. (Ravi is the subject, ate is the verb, and an apple is the object.)



  • Sheela sang a song. (Sheela is the subject, sang is the verb, and a song is the object.)



  • The teacher praised the students. (The teacher is the subject, praised is the verb, and the students are the object.)



Definition and Examples of Passive Voice




In passive voice, the object receives the action or is affected by the event, and the subject performs the action or causes the event. The object is usually placed before the verb, and the subject is usually placed after the verb. The verb is usually in its past participle form with a form of be (such as was, were, has been, have been).


For example:



  • An apple was eaten by Ravi. (An apple is the object, was eaten is the verb, and Ravi is the subject.)



  • A song was sung by Sheela. (A song is the object, was sung is the verb, and Sheela is the subject.)



  • The students were praised by the teacher. (The students are the object, were praised is the verb, and the teacher is the subject.)



Why are Active Voice and Passive Voice Important?




Active voice and passive voice are important because they affect how clear, concise, and engaging your sentences are. Generally speaking, active voice is preferred over passive voice because it has more benefits.


Benefits of Using Active Voice




Some of the benefits of using active voice are:



  • It makes your sentences more direct and straightforward.



  • It makes your sentences more lively and dynamic.



  • It makes your sentences shorter and simpler.



  • It makes your sentences easier to understand and follow.



  • It shows who or what is responsible for the action or event.



Drawbacks of Using Passive Voice




Some of the drawbacks of using passive voice are:



  • It makes your sentences more indirect and vague.



  • It makes your sentences more dull and static.



  • It makes your sentences longer and more complex.



  • It makes your sentences harder to understand and follow.



  • It hides who or what is responsible for the action or event.



When to Use Passive Voice




Although active voice is generally preferred over passive voice, there are some situations where passive voice can be useful or necessary. Some of these situations are:



  • When you want to emphasize the object rather than the subject.



  • When you want to avoid mentioning or blaming the subject.



  • When you don't know or don't care who or what performed the action or caused the event.



  • When you want to be polite or formal.



  • When you want to follow a certain style or convention.



How to Identify and Convert Active Voice and Passive Voice in Tamil?




Now that you know what are active voice and passive voice, why they are important, and when to use them, let's see how to identify and convert them in Tamil. Tamil is a rich and complex language that has many rules and exceptions for grammar. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you identify and convert active voice and passive voice in Tamil.


Rules for Identifying Active Voice and Passive Voice in Tamil




To identify whether a sentence is in active voice or passive voice in Tamil, you can look at these clues:



  • The position of the subject and object: In active voice, the subject usually comes before the verb, while in passive voice, it usually comes after it.



  • The form of the verb: In active voice, the verb usually ends with -ன் (-an), -த (-thu), -கற (-kir), -வட்ட (-vitta), -பன (-pona), etc., while in passive voice, the verb usually ends with -ப்பட (-padu), -க்க (-kku), -வல் (-vil), -மலம் (-moolam), etc.



  • The presence of the word ஆல் (aal): In passive voice, the word ஆல் (aal) often comes before the subject to indicate the agent or doer of the action or event.



To illustrate these clues, let's look at some examples:



SentenceVoiceClues


Ravi ஆப்பள் சப்பட்டன்.(Ravi ate an apple.)ActiveThe subject Ravi comes before the verb சப்பட்டன் (ate).The verb ends with -ன் (-an).


Ravi ஆல் ஆப்பள் சப்பட்ட பன.(An apple was eaten by Ravi.)PassiveThe object ஆப்பள் (apple) comes before the verb சப்பட்ட பன (was eaten).The verb ends with -பன (-pona).The word ஆல் (by) comes before the subject Ravi.


Rajesh கரக்கட் வளயடன.(Rajesh played cricket.)ActiveThe subject Rajesh comes before the verb வளயடன (played).The verb ends with -ன் (-an).


ரக்கட் வளயடப்பட்ட இரந்த.(Cricket was played by Rajesh.)PassiveThe object கரக்கட் (cricket) comes before the verb வளயடப்பட்ட இரந்த (was played).The verb ends with -ப்பட்ட இரந்த (-padu iruntha).The word ஆல் (by) comes before the subject Rajesh.


Geetha பத்தகம் வங்கன.(Geetha bought a book.)ActiveThe subject Geetha comes before the verb வங்கன (bought).The verb ends with -ன் (-an).


Geetha வல் பத்தகம் வங்க வட்ட.(A book was bought by Geetha.)PassiveThe object பத்தகம் (book) comes before the verb வங்க வட்ட (was bought).The verb ends with -வட்ட (-vitta).The word வல் (by) comes before the subject Geetha.


Steps for Converting Active Voice to Passive Voice in Tamil




To convert a sentence from active voice to passive voice in Tamil, you can follow these steps:



  • Identify the subject, verb, and object of the sentence.



  • Move the object to the beginning of the sentence and make it the new subject.



  • Change the verb to its past participle form and add a form of be (such as was, were, has been, have been) according to the tense and number of the sentence.



  • Add the word ஆல் (aal), வல் (vil), or another appropriate preposition before the original subject and make it the new object.



  • Make any other necessary changes to the sentence such as articles, pronouns, adjectives, etc.



To illustrate these steps, let's look at some examples:



Active VoicePassive Voice


ப்பள் சப்பட்டன்.(Ravi ate an apple.)Ravi ஆல் ஆப்பள் சப்பட்ட பன.(An apple was eaten by Ravi.)


Sheela பட்ட படன.(Sheela sang a song.)Sheela ஆல் பட்ட படப்பட்ட இரந்த.(A song was sung by Sheela.)


The teacher மணவர்கள பகழ்ந்த.(The teacher praised the students.)The teacher மலம் மணவர்கள் பகழ்ந்த வட்ட.(The students were praised by the teacher.)


Steps for Converting Passive Voice to Active Voice in Tamil




To convert a sentence from passive voice to active voice in Tamil, you can follow these steps:



  • Identify the subject, verb, and object of the sentence.



  • Move the object to the end of the sentence and make it the new subject.



  • Change the verb to its base form or simple past tense according to the tense and number of the sentence.



  • Remove the word ஆல் (aal), வல் (vil), or another preposition before the original subject and make it the new object.



  • Make any other necessary changes to the sentence such as articles, pronouns, adjectives, etc.



To illustrate these steps, let's look at some examples:



Passive VoiceActive Voice


ners/">https://www.udemy.com/course/tamil-grammar-for-intermediate-learners/.


  • Tamil Grammar for Advanced Learners by Suresh Kumar: This is a course that teaches Tamil grammar for advanced learners in a professional and in-depth way. It covers active voice and passive voice in Tamil along with other topics such as syntax, semantics, pragmatics, etc. You can enroll in this course from this link: https://www.udemy.com/course/tamil-grammar-for-advanced-learners/.



Conclusion




In this article, you have learned what are active voice and passive voice, why they are important, how to identify and convert them in Tamil, and where to find a PDF download that covers this topic. You have also seen some examples of active voice and passive voice in Tamil and some sources of free and paid PDF downloads. We hope that this article has helped you improve your Tamil grammar skills and write better sentences in Tamil using active voice and passive voice.


Here are some FAQs that you might have about this topic:


What is the difference between active voice and passive voice in Tamil?




Active voice and passive voice are two ways of expressing the same action or event in a sentence. They differ in how they show the relationship between the subject (the doer) and the object (the receiver) of the action or event. In active voice, the subject performs the action or causes the event, while in passive voice, the object receives the action or is affected by the event.


How can I identify whether a sentence is in active voice or passive voice in Tamil?




You can identify whether a sentence is in active voice or passive voice in Tamil by looking at these clues: the position of the subject and object, the form of the verb, and the presence of the word ஆல் (aal).


How can I convert a sentence from active voice to passive voice in Tamil?




You can convert a sentence from active voice to passive voice in Tamil by following these steps: move the object to the beginning of the sentence and make it the new subject, change the verb to its past participle form and add a form of be, add the word ஆல் (aal) or another preposition before the original subject and make it the new object, and make any other necessary changes to the sentence.


How can I convert a sentence from passive voice to active voice in Tamil?




You can convert a sentence from passive voice to active voice in Tamil by following these steps: move the object to the end of the sentence and make it the new subject, change the verb to its base form or simple past tense, remove the word ஆல் (aal) or another preposition before the original subject and make it the new object, and make any other necessary changes to the sentence.


Where can I find a PDF download that explains active voice and passive voice in Tamil?




You can find a PDF download that explains active voice and passive voice in Tamil from various sources such as Tamil Nadu Textbook Corporation, Tamilcube, Tamil Virtual Academy, Amazon, Udemy, etc.



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